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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-13

Comparative evaluation of single-visit endodontic treatment with and without the use of iodine potassium iodide as an endodontic irrigant: In vivo study

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, D.A.V (c) Dental College, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, India
2 Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry (PGIDS, Rohtak), Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gaurav Aggarwal
H. No. 536, Sector 17, Huda, Jagadhri, Yamuna Nagar - 135 003, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sej.sej_7_17

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Introduction: The root canal treatment in asymptomatic necrotic teeth in single visit has been an area of discussion for long. The purpose of this study was to compare the single-visit root canal treatment of asymptomatic nonvital mature mandibular molars with and without the use of 5% iodine potassium iodide (IKI) as an endodontic irrigant with the minimal use of postoperative medications. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients requiring root canal treatment on asymptomatic nonvital mandibular molars were included in the study and were randomly allocated into two groups of thirty each. In Group I, no IKI was used and in Group II, 5% IKI was used as an irrigant. The complete treatment was done in single visit. The occurrence of postoperative pain and swelling was noted at various time intervals. Results: Mann–Whitney U-test showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding both the parameters. In Group I, 20% of patients experienced moderate-to-severe pain during the first 24 h (P = 0.25463) while only 10% of patients experienced moderate pain in Group II. In Group I, 20% of patients developed swelling after 24 h while none of the patients in Group II had any postoperative swelling (P = 0.09342). Conclusion: Irrigants with better disinfection properties, penetration, and quick action such as 5% IKI are important adjunct to complete the disinfection of root canal system in single-visit endodontics.

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