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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-128

Effect of sonic agitation, manual dynamic agitation on removal of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm

1 Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Vananchan dental college. Farathiya, Hoor, Garwah, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sree Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajshekhar Chatterjee
C/O: Senior lecturer, Department of Conservative and Endodontics. Vananchan Dental College. Farathiya, Hoor, Garwah. Jharkhand - 822 114
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-5984.155451

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Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare manual dynamic agitation with sonic agitation on removal of intra radicular Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) biofilm. Material and Methods: Extracted mandibular premolars for orthodontic purpose were sectioned at cervical level and divided into three groups (n = 30). The root canals were instrumented using Protaper rotary instruments up to apical file F4. Roots were sterilized and E. faecalis bacteria were incubated within their root canal space for four weeks. Confirmation of biofilm was done using scanning electron microscopy and Gram staining. All groups were irrigated with side vented needle by using three percent sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) for 60 seconds. Two experimental groups were agitated with manual dynamic agitation (with master gutta-percha cone) and sonic agitation (EndoActivator). Remaining bacteria were collected using sterile paper point, which were incubated inside brain-heart infusion (BHI) broth to check turbidity. The turbid broth was streaked on blood agar plate for colony counts. Result: Both experimental groups showed highly significant difference in their mean colony count when compared with control group; with P < 0.001. Conclusion: Passive sonic agitation with EndoActivator has proven to be the best irrigating system followed by manual dynamic agitation and conventional needle irrigation.

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