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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-37

A comparative evaluation of efficacy of commercially available bleaching agents in non-vital teeth: An in vitro study

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashima Garg Sood
L 12, Kailash Colony, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-5984.149084

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Aim : The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of commercially available three bleaching agents when used internally or by internal-external method in non-vital teeth. Materials and Methods: Seventy extracted single-rooted premolars were artificially stained with whole blood in centrifugal machine. Teeth were divided into six experimental groups (Group I-VI) and one control group (Group VII). Bleaching was carried out in all the experimental groups using either of three commercially available bleaching agents: In Group I and group IV, 35% carbamide peroxide was used. In group II and V, 21% carbamide peroxide was used. Teeth in Group III and VI were bleached using 35% hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ). In the first three experimental groups (Group I, II, III), internal bleaching was done and in other three groups (Group IV, V, VI), both internal and external application was done. The evaluation was done at 0, 7, and 14 days using VITA shade guide. Statistical Analysis: The results obtained were statistically analyzed using ANOVA, Paired t-test, and ANOVA with post hoc Tukey's modification to evaluate the significant change and efficacy of the groups tested. Results: All bleaching agents showed effective shade reduction. The effects of 35% H 2 O 2 and 35% carbamide peroxide were statistically similar. The least reduction was seen with 21% carbamide peroxide groups. There was no difference between internal bleaching and internal-external methods. Conclusions: Within the limitation of the study, it could be concluded that 35% carbamide peroxide is an effective intracoronal bleaching agent similar to that of 35% H 2 O 2 .

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