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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 135-140

Effect of mineral trioxide aggregate as a direct pulp capping agent in cariously exposed permanent teeth

1 Departments of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Subharti Dental College, Swami VivekanandSubharti University, Meerut, Utter Pradesh, India
2 Manubhai Patel Dental College, Baroda, Gujarat, India
3 Career Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Parul Bansal
c/o Mr Suresh Bansal, 58/6, Jagriti Vihar, Opposite LLRM Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-5984.138146

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Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as a pulp capping agent in permanent teeth with carious exposure (≤1mm) after root formation is completed. Materials and Methods: Clinical follow-up was performed on 32 mandibular molars with deep occlusal caries, in patients in the age group range of 18 to 42 years. Carious pulpal exposures were treated by direct pulp capping with MTA, followed by a base of light cure glass ionomer cement and restored with amalgam. Clinical and radiographic examinations were carried out periodically at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months. Results: After 24 months clinical and radiographic follow-up, it was found that 25 (out of 32) patients had successful outcome. However, two patients failed to return for evaluation after permanent restoration, and five patients exhibited clinical failure. Conclusions: Mineral trioxide aggregate was found to be an effective material when used for direct pulp capping in permanent teeth. However, further investigations with a larger sample size are needed to support these findings.

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